Anthony Cashmore

Dr. Tony Cashmore

Professor Emeritus

Director of the Plant Sciences Institute (1986-2006)
Member of the National Academy of Sciences (elected 2003)


1962, B.Sc. in Chemistry, University of Auckland, New Zealand 

1963, M.Sc. in Chemistry, University of Auckand, New Zealand

1966, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Auckland, New Zealand 

1966-67, Research Scientist, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Palmerston North, New Zealand

1968, Postdoctoral Fellow, University Chemical Laboratories, Cambridge, England

1969-70, Postdoctoral Fellow, Medical Research Council, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, England

1971-72, Research Associate, Department of Molecular Biology, University of California Berkeley

1972-79, Research Scientist, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Palmerston North, New Zealand

1979-85 Visiting Professor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York

1986-2010, Professor, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA


Research Interests

Mechanisms of light signaling and circadian rhythms in plants. 

The biological basis of human behavior. 

Selected Publications

Cashmore, A.R. and Petersen, G.B. (1969).  The degradation of DNA by hydrazine: A critical study of the suitability of the reaction for the quantitative determination of purine nucleotide sequences.  Biochim. Biophys. Acta 174:591-603

Cashmore, A.R. (1971).  Interaction between loops I and III in the tyrosine suppressor tRNA.  Nature 230:236-239.

Cashmore, A.R. (1979).  Reiteration frequency of the gene coding for the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase.  Cell 17:383-388.

Herrera-Estrella, L., Van den Broeck, G., Maenhaut, R., Van Montagu, M., Schell, J., Timko, M., and Cashmore, A.R. (1984).  Light-inducible and chloroplast-associated expression of a chimaeric gene introduced into Nicotiana tabacum using a Ti plasmid vector. Nature 310:115-120.

Van den Broeck, G., Timko, M.P., Kausch, A.P., Cashmore, A.R., Van Montagu, M., and Herrera-Estrella, L. (1985). Targeting of a foreign protein to chloroplasts by fusion to the transit peptide from the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase.  Nature 313:358-363.

Timko, M.P., Kausch, A.P., Castresana, C., Fassler, J., Herrera-Estrella, L., Van den Broeck, G., Van Montagu, M., Schell, J., and Cashmore, A.R. (1985).  Light regulation of plant gene expression by an upstream enhancer-like element. Nature 318:579-582.

Ahmad, M. and Cashmore, A. R. (1993).  HY4 gene of A. thaliana encodes a protein with characteristics of a blue-light photoreceptor.  Nature. 366 : 162-166.

Cashmore, A. R., Jarillo, J. A., Wu, Y.-J. and Liu, D.-M. (1999).  Cryptochromes: Blue light receptors for plants and animals.  Science.  284 : 760-765.

Cashmore, A.R. (2003). Cryptochromes: Enabling plants and animals to determine circadian time. Cell 114, 537-543.

Cashmore, A.R. (2010). The Lucretian swerve: The biological basis of human behavior and the criminal justice system. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 107: 4499-4504.

CV (file)
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